Junk Science - Using Science to Obtain Goals


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Jun 14,  · By Dr. Mercola. The junk food industry has a number of tricks up its sleeve to paint their disease-causing products in a better light. When your profits depend on people buying soda, candy, potato chips and other unhealthy snacks, good taste only goes so far. Steve Milloy is a recognized leader in the fight against junk science with more than 25 years of accomplishment and experience. Credited with popularizing the term “junk science,” Milloy is the founder and publisher of mazmaes.ga and, from , wrote the . Get the latest news and articles on food science. Discover things that you didn’t know about food and nutrition, plus food myths debunked. Teen's Junk Food Diet Caused Him to Go Blind.

10 Biggest Junk Science Stories of | American Council on Science and Health

Jonathan M. Samet is with the Department of Epidemiology, and Thomas A. Lessons for researchers involved in high-stakes issues in the public policy arena include a need for awareness of competing interests, for transparency concerning funding, and for adherence to rigorous quality assurance and peer review practices.

The campaign described by Ong and Glantz was apparently motivated by the risk assessment report of the US Environmental Protection Agency EPA that identified environmental tobacco smoke ETS as a group A carcinogen, the strongest classification possible at the time.

It was most likely these implications that were the principal concern of the tobacco industry. In accordance with EPA guidelines, the agency's report included a quantitative risk assessment that used the epidemiologic evidence and exposure estimates to calculate the burden of lung cancer attributable to ETS. The methods of that calculation, particularly EPA's use of meta-analysis to synthesize the data, were subjected to a barrage of criticism during the report's review before the EPA's Scientific Advisory Board, in both the scientific and popular literature, and even in a lawsuit that eventually led to a decision and commentary from Judge William L.

Osteen on such technical matters as meta-analysis and the width of confidence intervals, junk science articles. Such tactics are not unique to the tobacco industry. Unfortunately, the insinuation that lower relative risks cannot be accurately studied by means of epidemiologic approaches has persisted, spilling over to other topics.

Many studies demonstrate that effects of this magnitude can be studied, and on a junk science articles basis we anticipate that many effects relevant to public health will fall into this range.

The tobacco industry campaign described by Ong and Glantz is remarkable for its covert nature and scope and the likely involvement of unknowing epidemiologists and other scientists. One of us, T. Unfortunately, environmental epidemiology studies have become convenient junk science articles. One need only peruse JunkScience. This activity also appears to have tobacco industry support.

However, this pursuit may also provide a convenient excuse for delay or inaction. Although the tobacco industry's campaign attempted to create criteria that could never be met by individual studies, the criteria produced by Federal Focus, Inc, 13 have much in common with the principles that underlie the conduct of good epidemiologic research. It is their intended use that warrants concern, not the content. Junk science articles EPA itself offers criteria for assessing the quality of evidence, including observational evidence, in its cancer risk assessment guidelines and requires that laboratory work be conducted according to established standards for investigation.

In spite of the attempt to cloud interpretation of the evidence on ETS and lung cancer and other diseases, the evidence has repeatedly passed the test of peer review. Sinceseveral additional reviews of the evidence have been carried out, and all, except for a review by an industry-sponsored panel, 16 have concluded that passive smoking increases risk for lung cancer in nonsmokers. Government agencies have concluded that ETS causes disease—including lung cancer and heart disease—in nonsmokers.

We recognize and accept that many people have health concerns regarding ETS. In addition, because of concerns relating to conditions such as asthma and respiratory infections, we believe that particular care should be exercised where children are concerned, and that smokers who junk science articles children—particularly young ones—should seek to minimize their exposure to ETS.

There are other lessons for public health researchers in this story. Ong and Glantz offer the disappointing news that some colleagues have received funds from the tobacco industry. The list does not appear too long, junk science articles, and the community of public health researchers has apparently generally resisted enticement by the tobacco industry.

We are uncomfortable with the naming of names by Ong and Glantz, but the list leaves no doubt as to the campaign's reality, and the documents are now publicly available, junk science articles.

Some colleagues have likely been unsuspecting participants in elements of the industry's campaign. The lesson?

The stakes are high in the public policy arena. Public health scientists will continue to be called on to research society's most vexing issues, and to inform and shape the public policy response.

We need to be aware of the competing interests and to work for greater transparency to assure ourselves that we understand the purposes and funding sources of junk science articles invidious meetings and other activities. Ultimately, transparency about funding and adherence to rigorous quality assurance and peer review practices will serve epidemiology far better than the proliferation of labels and the labeling of individual junk science articles as working for one side or another.

Policymakers and the media need to be informed and cautioned about this approach. The authors contributed jointly and equally to the planning and writing of the manuscript.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Am J Public Health. Samet Jonathan M. Find articles by Jonathan M. Thomas A. Burke Jonathan M. Find articles by Thomas A. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Requests for reprints should be sent to Jonathan M. Accepted July 18, This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Notes The authors contributed jointly and equally to the planning and writing of the manuscript. Peer Reveiwed. References 1. Tobacco Smoking, junk science articles. The Osteen Decision, July 17, Accessed August 17, Vancouver, junk science articles, British Columbia: Fraser Institute; Huber PW.

Galileo's Revenge: Junk Science in the Courtroom. Graham JD, ed. Burke TA, junk science articles. The proper role of epidemiology in regulatory risk assessment: reaction from a regulator's perspective. In: Graham JD, ed, junk science articles. Rampton S, Stauber J. Proposed Guidelines for Carcinogen Risk Assessment. Science and regulation: a solution to concerns over public access to scientific data.

Report of the Scientific Committee on Tobacco and Health. Philip Morris USA. Secondhand smoke: our actions to reduce unwanted ETS. Los Angeles, Calif: J.

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junk science articles


Zika propaganda is a 'virus of the mind' rooted in fabricated hysteria, government junk science and dark political agendas 8/29/ - An article that I'm calling "the most important piece of investigative journalism yet published about Zika" has just appeared at Health Impact News. Steve Milloy is a recognized leader in the fight against junk science with more than 25 years of accomplishment and experience. Credited with popularizing the term “junk science,” Milloy is the founder and publisher of mazmaes.ga and, from , wrote the . Junk research often takes a correlation to mean a link, which is not always the case. Avoiding junk science is a knack, but the scientific method should be apparent, and any deviations from protocol accounted for. Try not to believe anything that you have not read in a strong journal.